Seizures can be caused by a head injury, illness or stroke. In some cases, the cause will remain unknown. Depending on the situation, seizures may eventually cease. If they do continue, however, they can be treated and managed.
A seizure is a sudden electrical disturbance in the brain that causes changes in behavior and muscle control and may affect levels of consciousness. Seizures can happen for several reasons, including a closed head injury, an infection like meningitis, or after a stroke, but the cause is often unknown. Symptoms of a seizure can vary from staring blankly to an arm or leg twitching, to loss of consciousness.
Having a seizure does not necessarily mean you have epilepsy. Two unprovoked seizures are required to be diagnosed with epilepsy. Seizure treatments can include medications or surgery. In many cases, the seizures will stop on their own, but in others, lifelong treatment may be necessary.
Seizures can have an impact on all areas of one’s life, especially if they are unexpected. Not knowing when a seizure will occur can become restrictive and can affect your ability to be happy and productive. Impairment from seizures includes:
Most seizure symptoms last from a few seconds to a couple of minutes. These types of seizures are often not life-threatening.The primary focus should be keeping the person comforted and safe during and after the seizure. Emergency assistance should be called when:
A Medical Alert device would be helpful in situations when getting the person to the hospital is critical. If the person having a seizure can recognize its onset and can trigger the medical alert, assistance can be on the way quickly. If someone is with the person having the seizure, they can activate the medical alert and then attend to the person with the seizure, keeping them safe until help arrives.
Many people who experience seizures live very full lives. In cases where the seizures can be predicted by knowing what triggers them, or in cases where the seizures are under control with medication, general seizure care is all that is necessary.
General seizure first aid includes:
A seizure that occurs without an identifiable reason can raise concerns that the person has a long-term problem. However, this is not always true. In some cases, seizures will disappear on their own. There are many reasons that seizures occur, including illnesses. In these situations, it is most likely that once the illness passes, the seizures will as well. A diagnosis of epilepsy requires two seizures, the cause of which cannot be identified.
If seizures do become a fact of life, it might be a good idea to consider a medical alert system. Such a device will provide peace of mind, and can even save a life.