FMLA requires covered employers to provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave to “eligible” employees for certain family and medical reasons. Employees are eligible if they have worked for a covered employer for at least one year, and for 1,250 hours over the previous 12 months, and if there are at least 50 employees within 75 miles.
Unpaid leave must be granted for any of the following reasons:
At the employee’s or employer’s option, certain kinds of paid leave may be substituted for unpaid leave.
The employee may be required to provide advance leave notice and medical certification. Taking of leave may be denied if requirements are not met.
FMLA makes it unlawful for any employer to:
FMLA does not affect any Federal or State law prohibiting discrimination, or supersede any State or local law or collective bargaining agreement which provides greater family or medical leave rights.
Contact the nearest office of the Wage and Hour Division, listed in most telephone directories under U.S. Government, Department of Labor.
U.S. Department of Labor, Employment Standards Administration